JE is an international, peer-reviewed open access journal for the fields of development economics and macroeconomics.
We offer our authors a highly respected home for their research. Partnering with our extensive network of expert peer reviewers, our editorial team provides rigorous, objective and constructive peer review, and will support you throughout the publication process. We led by the same ethical and editorial policy guidelines to ensure that all the research we publish is scientifically robust, original, and of the highest quality. We help your research reach more people and maximize its impact. As an open-access journal, we ensure that your work is immediately accessible and highly discoverable across a range of channels
Aim and Scope
JE publishes regular research papers, original reviews, and short notes for communications. Emphasis is on applied empirical and analytical work, and theoretical papers with applications. There is no restriction on the length of the papers. Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their research in as much detail as possible.
Scope economic theory ; developing process ; sustainable growth ; national and international income distribution ; productivity developments ; macroeconomic policies ; sectors of economy: primary, secondary, and tertiary; or industrial sector and service sector ; financial ; operational ; supply chain ; human capital ; sustainability.
Peer Review Process
Once submitted, your manuscript will be assigned to a member of our Editorial Board, who will read the paper and decide whether it is appropriate for the journal. Manuscripts that are within the scope and seem, on initial assessment, to be technically sound and scientifically valid, will be sent to external reviewers. Copies of any papers containing similar or related work under consideration or in press at other journals must be included with the submission.
During peer review, reviewers will be able to access your manuscript securely using our online system, whilst maintaining referee anonymity. At the submission stage, authors may indicate a limited number of scientists who should not review the paper. Excluded scientists must be identified by name. Authors may also suggest potential reviewers; these suggestions are often helpful, but they are not always followed. In cases where the journal is unable to find sufficient peer reviewers, the services of a publishing partner, Research Square, may be used to identify suitable reviewers and provide reports to avoid further delays for authors. Reviewers recruited by Research Square are paid a small honorarium for completing the review within a specified timeframe. Honoraria are paid regardless of the reviewer's recommendation. By policy, referees are not identified to the authors, except at the request of the referee.
The traditional single-blind method, in which reviewers are anonymous but know the authors' identity
After considering the reviewer reports the Editorial Board Member will make one of the following decisions:
- Accept outright
- Request a minor revision, where authors revise their manuscript to address specific concerns
- Request a major revision, where authors revise their manuscript to address significant concerns and perhaps undertake additional work
- Reject outright
In cases where the referees or Editorial Board Member has requested changes to the manuscript, you will be invited to prepare a revision. The decision letter will specify a deadline for the submission of a revised manuscript. Once resubmitted, the manuscript may then be sent back to the original referees or to new referees, at the Editorial Board Member's discretion. A revised manuscript should be submitted via the revision link provided in the decision letter, and not as a new manuscript. The revision should also be accompanied by a point-by-point response to referees explaining how the manuscript has been changed. We aim for accepted manuscripts to undergo one round of revision before being accepted for publication, so please ensure that all issues raised have been addressed in the first round of revision.
When all editorial issues are resolved, your paper will be formally accepted for publication. The received date stated on the paper will be the date on which the original submission passed our standard quality control checks. The accepted date stated on the paper will be the date on which the Editorial Board Member sent the acceptance letter. After acceptance, authors are sent proofs of their manuscript but only changes to the title, author list, or scientific errors will be permitted. All corrections must be approved by the publishing team. We reserve the right to make the final decision about matters of style and the size of figures.
Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options,
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
for any purpose, even commercially.
This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration.
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Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.
We want to make the process of submitting your manuscript as simple as possible. Please carefully follow our step-by-step process, completing each step before progressing to the next. There are several important things you need to know and understand before you begin the submission process. From checking that your research is relevant to our journal, to preparing your manuscript and finding out about costs and funding, you will find it in this section.
Completing our submission checklist before submitting your manuscript will help ensure that you have done everything you need to do and help to prevent delays to the assessment of your manuscript. Once you have successfully completed it, you will be ready to submit your manuscript. After your manuscript is submitted via our online submission system, it enters our Editorial process
Our marketing and communications teams promote articles across multiple channels following publication. We have a pre-publicity policy for authors, and we also offer advice and guidance to help you promote your published article through your own channels and techniques.
Format of articles
We publish original research in one format: Article
In most cases, we do not impose strict limits on word count or page number. However, we strongly recommend that you write concisely and stick to the following guidelines:
- Articles should ideally be no more than 11 typeset pages
- The main text should be no more than 4,500 words (not including Abstract, Methods, References and figure legends)
- The title should be no more than 20 words
- The abstract should be no more than 200 words
Please do not include any references in your Abstract. Make sure it serves both as a general introduction to the topic and as a brief, non-technical summary of the main results and their implications.
Your manuscript text file should start with a title page that shows author affiliations and contact information, identifying the corresponding author with an asterisk. We recommend that each section includes an introduction of referenced text that expands on the background of the work. Some overlap with the Abstract is acceptable.
For the main body of the text, there are no specific requirements. You can organize it in a way that best suits your research. However, the following structure will be suitable in many cases:
- Results (with subheadings)
- Discussion (without subheadings)
You should then follow the main body of text with:
- References (limited to 60 references, though not strictly enforced)
- Acknowledgments (optional)
- Author contributions (names must be given as initials)
- Additional Information (including a Competing Interests Statement)
- Figure legends (these are limited to 350 words per figure)
- Tables (maximum size of one page)
Please note, footnotes should not be used.
You may include a limited number of uncaptioned molecular structure graphics and numbered mathematical equations if necessary. Display items are limited to 8 (figures and/or tables). However, to enable typesetting of papers, we advise making the number of display items commensurate with your overall word length. So, for Articles of 2,000 words or less, we suggest including no more than 4 figures/tables. Please note that schemes should not be used and should be presented as figures instead.
Writing your manuscript
We read by a truly diverse range of scientists, many of whom are non-native English speakers. Please therefore give careful thought to communicating your findings as clearly as possible.
Although you can assume a shared basic knowledge of science, please don’t expect that everyone will be familiar with the specialist language or concepts of your particular field. Therefore:
- Avoid technical jargon wherever possible, explaining it clearly when it is unavoidable.
- Keep abbreviations to a minimum, particularly when they are not standard.
- If you must use an abbreviation, make sure you spell it out fully in the text or legend the first time it appears.
- Clearly explain the background, rationale, and main conclusions of your study.
- Write titles and abstracts in language that will be readily understood by any scientist.
- We strongly recommend that you ask a colleague with different expertise to review your manuscript before you submit it. This will help you to identify concepts and terminology that non-specialist readers may find hard to grasp.
We recommend you limit your Methods section to 1,500 words. Make sure it includes adequate experimental and characterization data for others to be able to reproduce your work. You should:
- Include descriptions of standard protocols and experimental procedures.
- Identify sources for any kits you use in your procedures.
- Include any experimental protocols that describe the synthesis of new compounds.
- Use the systematic name of any new compound and put its bold Arabic numeral in the heading for the experimental protocol, indicating it thereafter by its assigned, bold numeral.
We don’t copy edit your references. Therefore, it’s essential you format them correctly, as they will be linked electronically to external databases where possible. At Scientific Reports, we use the standard Nature referencing style. So, when formatting your references, make sure they:
- Run sequentially (and are always numerical).
- Sit within square brackets.
- Commence first in the text, followed by tables and figures (references that only appear in tables or figures should be last in the reference list).
- Only have one publication linked to each number.
- Only include papers or datasets that have been published or accepted by a named publication, recognised preprint server or data repository (if you include any preprints of accepted papers in your reference list, make sure you submit them with the manuscript).
- Include published conference abstracts and numbered patents, if you wish.
- Don’t include grant details and acknowledgments.
Sorry, we cannot accept BibTeX (.bib) bibliography files for references. If you are making your submission by LaTeX, it must either contain all references within the manuscript .tex file itself, or (if you’re using the Overleaf template) include the .bbl file generated during the compilation process as a ‘LaTeX supplementary file’ (see the "Manuscripts" section for more details).
In your reference list, you should:
- Include all authors unless there are six or more, in which case only the first author should be given, followed by 'et al.'.
- List authors by the last name first, followed by a comma and initials (followed by full stops) of given names.
- Use Roman text for Article and dataset titles, with only the first word of the title having an initial capital and written exactly as it appears in the work cited, ending with a full stop.
- Use italics for book titles, giving all words in the title an initial capital.
- Use italics for journal and data repository names, abbreviating them according to common usage (with full stops).
- Use bold for volume numbers and the subsequent comma.
- Give the full page range (or article number), where appropriate.
Schott, D. H., Collins, R. N. & Bretscher, A. Secretory vesicle transport velocity in living cells depends on the myosin V lever arm length. J. Cell Biol. 156, 35-39 (2002).
Bellin, D. L. et al. Electrochemical camera chip for simultaneous imaging of multiple metabolites in biofilms. Nat. Commun. 7, 10535; 10.1038/ncomms10535 (2016).
For papers with more than five authors include only the first author’s name followed by ‘et al.’.
Smith, J. Syntax of referencing in How to reference books (ed. Smith, S.) 180-181 (Macmillan, 2013).
Babichev, S. A., Ries, J. & Lvovsky, A. I. Quantum scissors: teleportation of single-mode optical states by means of a nonlocal single photon. Preprint at https://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0208066 (2002).
Manaster, J. Sloth squeak. Scientific American Blog Network http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/psi-vid/2014/04/09/sloth-squeak (2014).
Hao, Z., AghaKouchak, A., Nakhjiri, N. & Farahmand, A. Global integrated drought monitoring and prediction system (GIDMaPS) data sets. figshare https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.853801 (2014).
Please keep any acknowledgments brief, and don’t include thanks to anonymous referees and editors, or any effusive comments. You may acknowledge grant or contribution numbers. You should also acknowledge assistance from medical writers, proof-readers, and editors.
You must supply an Author Contribution Statement as described in the Author responsibilities section of our Editorial and Publishing Policies.
Please be aware:
- The author's name you give as the corresponding author will be the main contact during the review process and should not change.
- The information you provide in the submission system will be used as the source of truth when your paper is published.
Submission Preparation Checklist
Exactly matches the title entered on the submission system and in any supplementary information
A maximum of three corresponding author(s) are identified using an asterisk
All author (corresponding and contributing) details are included on the submission system as well as in the Article File
Affiliations are provided and linked to authors with superscript numbers
The individual contribution of each author is specified in the author contributions statement
For papers with consortia as part of the authorship, please include the consortium name as the main author in the author list on the title page. Please provide a full list of members of this consortium at the end of your Article file, after the references, providing affiliations marked by superscript numbers as per the main author list.
The consortium name should also be entered as an author on the submission system, together with the contact details of a nominated consortia representative.
Exactly matches the abstract entered on the submission system
Does not contain citations
- MAIN TEXT
Included in the main Article File and contain sufficient detail to repeat experiments
Please note that: (i) study participant names (and other personally identifiable information) must be removed from all text/figures/tables/images; (ii) the use of colored bars/shapes or blurring to obscure the eyes/facial region of study participants is not an acceptable means of anonymization. For manuscripts that include information or images that could lead to the identification of a study participant, the Methods section must include a statement that confirms informed consent was obtained to publish the information/image(s) in an online open-access publication.
We will not consider manuscripts describing research that involves organs/tissues procured from prisoners. Authors of manuscripts describing human transplantation research must include a statement in their manuscript attesting that no organs/tissues were procured from prisoners. Authors must also name all institution(s)/clinic(s)/department(s) via which organs/tissues were procured
- AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS STATEMENT
Author contributions statement, specifying the individual contribution of each author, is provided. This should be included after the references, and every author’s contribution must be listed
- ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Competing interests statement is provided in the Article File under the heading “Additional Information”, and matches the information entered on the submission system. Competing financial and non-financial interests should be disclosed
A legend is provided for each main table and the main figure in the Article file. These should be placed at the end of the manuscript, after the references
In a numbered list and all in-line citations should be matched back to a reference via numbering in superscript
- MAIN FIGURES
As an online journal, Graphical abstracts, ‘Cover’ images, or table of contents figures are not permitted and must be labeled and numbered as either a figure or table as appropriate.
Please ensure you have read our digital image integrity and standards policy
Gel and blot images are presented in compliance with our digital image and integrity policies. Where cropped gels/blots are displayed, this should be noted in the figure legend; full-length/uncropped gels and blots should be included in a Supplementary Information file
- MAIN TABLES
Main tables are provided in the Article File, and not as separate files, in an editable format (not embedded as an image in the document)
For scientists with limited financial funds (solely reserved for payment of publication fees), a full 100% waive of APC is possible when he/she can prove this financial limitation
APC IDR 300.000,-